Median annual income
Includes income from all sources – including income support.
- The Niuean adult population had a median annual income of $16,600 in the year to March 2001 – $1,800 above the median annual income of the Pacific adult population. The median annual income for the New Zealand adult population in 2001 was $18,500.
- The median annual income of Niuean adults who were in employment in the week preceding the 2001 Census was $24,200 – equivalent to 87 percent of the median annual income of employed New Zealand adults ($27,700).
- The real median annual income of Niuean people increased by 22 percent from $13,600 in 1991 to $16,600 in 2001. During the same period, the real median annual income of the Pacific population and the total New Zealand population increased by 16 percent and 11 percent respectively.
- Overseas-born Niueans had a higher median annual income ($17,200) than Niuean people born in New Zealand ($16,600) in 2001.
- In 2001, the median annual income of Niuean women was equivalent to 69 percent of that of Niuean men ($14,200 compared with $20,500). The gap between the sexes narrows for those in employment – with the median annual income of employed Niuean women equating to 80 percent of that of employed men ($21,200 compared with $26,500).
- Figure 8.2 shows that Niuean women were proportionately more likely to be in income bands under $25,001, while Niuean men were more likely to be in bands of $25,001 and over.
- Wages and salaries were received by 60 percent of Niuean adults in the year to 2001. The equivalent proportions among the Pacific and New Zealand populations were 58 percent and 57 percent respectively, as figure 8.3
- Income from self-employment or a self-owned business was received by 4 percent of Niuean adults – the same proportion as the Pacific population in 2001. By comparison, 17 percent of the New Zealand population received income from this source.
- Four percent of Niueans received income from interest, dividends, rent or investments in 2001 – the same proportion as the Pacific population. Just over a quarter (26 percent) of the New Zealand population received income from these sources in 2001.
- Nearly one in three Niuean people (32 percent) received some form of income support at some stage during the 12 months prior to the 2001 Census. 'Income support' refers to monetary support from the government, excluding ACC payments and New Zealand Superannuation.
- New Zealand-born Niueans were more likely than those born overseas to have received income support in 2001 (34 percent and 30 percent respectively). Comparable figures for the Pacific and New Zealand populations were 33 percent and 19 percent respectively.
- Niuean women (38 percent) were more likely to have received income support than Niuean men (25 percent) in 2001.