An occupation is defined as a set of jobs that require the performance of similar or identical tasks, and is collected for employed people aged 15 years and over.

A job is a set of tasks performed or designed to be performed by one person for an employer (including self-employment) in return for payment or profit.

Occupied dwelling

For the census, a dwelling is defined as occupied if it is:

  • occupied at midnight on the night of the census, or
  • occupied at any time during the 12 hours following midnight on the night of the census unless the occupant(s) completed a questionnaire at another dwelling during that period.

Occupied dwelling type

Occupied dwelling type classifies all occupied dwellings according to their structure and function.

Occupied non-private dwelling

Occupied non-private dwellings are generally available to the public by virtue of employment, study, special care requirement, legal requirement, or recreation. They may be designed to house groups of people who are bound by either a common public objective or a common personal interest, or to provide communal or transitory type accommodation (used for short-term or long-term accommodation).

Occupied non-private dwellings include:

  • hotels, motels
  • hospitals, camps, institutional complexes, communal staff quarters and backpackers
  • dwellings that would usually be classified as occupied private dwellings, but which have five or more boarders, lodgers or guests, for example homestays, farmstays, and bed and breakfasts (B&Bs) (with five or more boarders, lodgers or guests).

Occupied private dwelling

An occupied private dwelling accommodates a person or a group of people. It is not generally available for public use. The main purpose of a private dwelling is as a place of habitation.

Occupied private dwellings include:

  • houses, flats and apartments
  • flats or houses within a complex
  • residences attached to a business or institution
  • caravans, cabins and tents
  • vehicles
  • vessels
  • independent self-care units in retirement complexes
  • a private dwelling within a non-private dwelling structure or complex
  • baches, cribs and holiday homes
  • Child, Youth and Family Services (CYFS) family homes
  • homestays, farmstays, and bed and breakfasts (B&Bs) with fewer than five boarders, lodgers or guests.

Overseas visitor population

The overseas visitor population is defined as those people in New Zealand on census night whose usual residence is overseas.