'Tenure of household' refers to the nature of the occupancy of a household in a private dwelling (ie whether they own the dwelling or not and whether they have a mortgage or pay rent), at the time of the survey. It does not refer to the tenure (or ownership) of the land on which the dwelling is situated.
Relationship to questionnaire(s)
Data on tenure of household is derived from questions 7, 8, 9, 11, 12 and 13 on the dwelling form (PDF 783kb).
The subject population is the people, families, households or dwellings to whom the variable applies.
The subject population for this variable is households in private occupied dwellings. Visitor-only private dwellings are excluded.
The 2006 non-response rate was 4.7 percent.
The 2001 the non-response rate was 3.7 percent.
Quality Management Strategy priority level
Tenure of household is a defining variable.
The Census Quality Management Strategy assigns a priority level to all census variables.
Defining variables cover key subject populations that are important for policy development, evaluation or monitoring. These variables are given secondary priority in terms of quality, time and resources across all phases of the 2006 Census.
All data must meet minimum quality standards in order to make it suitable for use.
Comparability with 1996 and 2001 Census data
There are significant issues affecting the comparability of the 2006 data with the 1996 and 2001 Census data, because of the explicit identification of home ownership through family trusts in 2006:
The 2006 dwelling form included two new questions:
- Question 7 – dwelling held in family trust
- Question 8 – mortgage payments made by family trust.
The 2006 Census classification has three new categories:
- dwelling held in a family trust by usual resident(s), mortgage arrangements not further defined
- dwelling held in a family trust by usual resident(s), who make mortgage payments
- dwelling held in a family trust by usual resident(s), who do not make mortgage payments.
The way in which tenure of household is derived has changed. In 2001 four questions were used to derive tenure of household, whereas in 2006 six questions (incorporating the new family trust questions) were used to derive this variable.
Dwellings in a family trust were treated as not owned in 2001. The 2001 help notes instructed respondents to mark 'no' to the ownership of dwelling question if their dwelling was in a family trust. However, respondents who did not read the help notes may have answered 'yes' to the ownership of dwelling question. So it is likely that for 2001 some households whose dwelling was in a family trust were included in the 'dwelling owned or partly owned...' categories rather than the 'dwelling not owned...' categories.
Comparisons of 2006 Census data on home ownership with previous census data could be made by aggregating the three 'dwelling owned or partly owned by usual residents... ' categories together with the three 'dwelling held in a family trust by usual residents...' categories for the 2006 data. However, this will still not provide an exact time series comparison, because of the different treatment of dwellings held in a family trust in the 2001 Census.
There are no other significant issues that users should be aware of.
Other things to be aware of
- It is difficult to compare tenure of household data with tenure holder data, because tenure of household is a household-level variable and tenure holder is an individual-level variable.
- The 2006 'not stated' category includes households for which all usual residents were absent.
- All census data was subject to considerable checks (including edits) during processing and evaluation, to ensure that it meets quality standards and is suitable for use. These checks were applied to data supplied both on paper and on Internet forms. In addition to these quality checks, the Internet form had built-in editing functionality that directed respondents to the appropriate questions and ensured that their responses were valid. As a result of this, data from Internet forms may be of higher overall quality than data from paper forms. The significance of this will depend on the particular type of analysis being done.
- There were differences between how the forms were completed on the Internet and on paper for this variable:
- The Internet form allowed only one response to be selected for the dwelling held in a family trust, mortgage payments made by family trust, ownership of dwelling, mortgage payments, rent indicator and rent period questions. If a further response was selected, the response given previously disappeared. Multiple responses to these questions were possible when forms were completed on paper.
- On the Internet, the rent amount box appeared only if a response of 'yes' had been given to the rent indicator question, and it was possible only to give a numerical answer. When answering forms on paper, it was possible to give a rent amount without having marked the 'yes' box in the rent indicator question, and it was possible to give a non-numerical answer.
- On the Internet, certain questions were greyed out and could not be answered, depending on the answers given to previous questions:
- The ownership of dwelling, renting-related, and mortgage payments questions were greyed out if a response of 'yes' was given to the question about trusts making mortgage payments (for dwellings held in a family trust).
- The ownership of dwelling and renting-related questions were greyed out if a 'no' answer was given to the question about trusts making mortgage payments.
- The ownership of dwelling question was greyed out if a 'yes' answer was given to the question about the welling being held in a family trust.
- The rent indicator question was greyed out if a 'yes' answer was given to the question about holding the dwelling in a family trust or owning the dwelling.
- The mortgage payments question was greyed out if a 'no' answer was given to the ownership of dwelling question.
- When forms were answered on paper, it was possible to give inconsistent answers to these questions. When forms were answered on paper, it was possible to give inconsistent answers to these questions.