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Usual residence five years ago

Definition

'Usual residence five years ago' is the usual residence of the respondent on 6 March 2001.

Relationship to questionnaire(s)

Data on usual residence five years ago comes from question 7 on the individual form (PDF 395kb).

Subject population

The subject population is the people, families, households or dwellings to whom the variable applies.

The subject population for this variable is the census night population, as this question applies to all people in New Zealand on census night. Data on usual residence five years ago is also output for the census usually resident population.

Non-response rate

The 2006 non-response rate for the usually resident population was 2.9 percent.

The 2001 non-response rate for the usually resident population was less than 5.5 percent.

It is not possible to give an exact non-response rate for 2001, as a 'not stated' category was not used. People who did not respond to this question were classified as 'New Zealand not further defined'. This category also included respondents who gave insufficient information to allow coding to area unit, territorial authority, or regional council. Of the usually resident population, 5.5 percent were classified as 'New Zealand not further defined'.

Quality Management Strategy priority level

Usual residence five years ago is a defining variable.

The Census Quality Management Strategy assigns a priority level to all census variables.

Defining variables cover key subject populations that are important for policy development, evaluation or monitoring. These variables are given secondary priority in terms of quality, time and resources across all phases of the 2006 Census.

All data must meet minimum quality standards in order to make it suitable for use.

Comparability with 1996 and 2001 Census data

There are no major issues affecting the comparability of this data with 1996 and 2001 Census data. However, there have been some changes in the questionnaire wording since 1996. In 2001 and 2006, the question asked 'where did you usually live five years ago', but in 1996 the word 'usually' was not included in the question wording. In 2001, the usual residence five years ago question included the response 'at the address you gave in question five'. In 2006, the 'you' was replaced with 'I'.

Significant issues

There are no significant issues that users should be aware of.

Other things to be aware of

  • Area unit level is the most detailed geographic level at which data on usual residence five years ago is available.
  • There are some inconsistencies between usual residence five years ago when cross-tabulated with 'years since arrival in New Zealand' and 'years at usual residence'. The main cause of these inconsistencies is respondent error.
  • All census data was subject to considerable checks (including edits) during processing and evaluation, to ensure that it meets quality standards and is suitable for use. These checks were applied to data supplied both on paper and on Internet forms. In addition to these quality checks, the Internet form had built-in editing functionality that directed respondents to the appropriate questions and ensured that their responses were valid. As a result of this, data from Internet forms may be of higher overall quality than data from paper forms. The significance of this will depend on the particular type of analysis being done.
  • There were differences between how the forms were completed on the Internet and on paper for this variable:
    • The Internet form allowed only one response to be selected for the usual residence five years ago question. If a further response was selected, the response given previously disappeared. Multiple responses to this question were possible when forms were completed on paper.
    • On the Internet, the system opened up a text field response box if the respondent selected 'at another address' when answering this question.
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