New Zealand's Balance of Payments (BoP) is a comprehensive record of New Zealand's relationship with the rest of the world.
International trade in goods and services is summarised in the BoP 'current account', along with investment income and transfers with the rest of the world. A current account deficit in any given period shows that expenses were greater than earnings over that time. A deficit must be matched by a net inflow of investment from the rest of the world.
Investment flows are represented in the financial account, which shows financial transactions involving New Zealand's assets and liabilities with the rest of the world. Types of investment include direct, portfolio, other investment, and reserve assets. Investment can be as either equity or debt.
The International Investment Position shows the level of New Zealand's international assets and liabilities at a point in time. The level is affected by financial account transactions and by valuation changes.
Time–series data can be accessed using Infoshare, in the category 'Economic indicators' then the groups 'Balance of Payments' and 'International Investment Position'.
- International trade in services – tables
These tables provide detailed information on New Zealand's international trade in services.
- International trade in services by country – tables
These tables provide additional information on New Zealand's international trade in services. Data is available by country for New Zealand's major trading partners.
- International investment tables
These tables contain partner country information for international investment between New Zealand and the rest of the world. Information is available for transaction flows for years ending 31 March and investment levels at 31 March.
Reports and articles
Information about data
Frequently asked questions
Q: Where can I find information on New Zealand's overseas debt?
A: Overseas debt is located in Table 10 of the quarterly BoP and IIP, which presents 'net international borrowing' and 'net international lending'. The difference between these two figures is the 'net international debt'.
Q: What partner country information is available on international investment?
A: International investment data is presented by partner country in the annual BoP and IIP, for transaction flows and stocks. A full set of all available countries is included in the data section above.
Q: What partner country information is available on international trade in services?
A: Detailed partner country information is available here on trade in commercial services, sourced from Statistics NZ's International Trade in Services and royalties Survey (ITSS). However, please note that many countries and services categories cannot be published because the data is confidential. There is no partner country data available on transportation, travel, insurance, or government services.
Q: Do you make an estimate for remittances into or out of New Zealand?
A: Estimates for remittances are included in the current transfers series in the BoP current account. We are currently reviewing alternative data sources for remittances from New Zealand to the rest of the world.
Search for more information.