Based on death rates in New Zealand in 2010–12:
- Life expectancy at birth is 83.0 years for females and 79.3 years for males.
- Life expectancy at birth has increased by 0.8 years for females and 1.3 years for males since 2005–07.
- Female life expectancy at birth is 3.7 years higher than male life expectancy at birth, down from the largest difference of 6.4 years in 1975–77.
- The gap between Māori and non-Māori life expectancy at birth has narrowed to 7.3 years. This compares with 9.1 years in 1995–97, 8.5 years in 2000–02, and 8.2 years in 2005–07.
- Life expectancy at birth is 76.5 years for Māori females and 72.8 years for Māori males, compared with 83.7 years for non-Māori females and 80.2 years for non-Māori males.
||16 April 2013
||ISBN 978-0-478-40824-9 (online)