About the overseas merchandise trade statistics
Overseas merchandise trade statistics provide statistical information on the importing and exporting of merchandise goods between New Zealand and other countries.
Data is obtained from export and import entry documents lodged with the New Zealand Customs Service. The data is processed and passed to Statistics NZ for further editing and compilation.
Billion: is 1,000 million.
Capital goods: are produced assets that are used repeatedly or continuously, for longer than one year, in industrial production processes. Examples are machinery, trucks, and aircraft.
cif: is the cost of goods, including insurance and freight to New Zealand.
Consumption goods: are goods used (without further transformation in industrial production processes) by households, government, or non-profit institutions serving households.
Exports (including re-exports): are goods of domestic origin exported from New Zealand to another country. Exports in this release are valued fob and are shown in New Zealand dollars. Estimated values may be used for goods that are not already sold at the time of export entry lodgement.
fob: is free on board (the value of goods at New Zealand ports before export).
Imports: are goods imported into New Zealand. Imports in this release are valued at cif and are shown in New Zealand dollars. However, imports in table 1 are also shown at the vfd level, which excludes the insurance and freight component.
Infoshare: is Statistics NZ's free online tool that gives you access to a range of time-series data.
Intermediate goods: are goods used up, or transformed in, industrial production processes.
Merchandise trade: covers exports or imports of goods that alter the nation's stock of material resources. It includes goods leased for a year or more and excludes goods for repair.
Provisional: statistics for the latest three months are provisional, to allow late data and amendments to be included.
Re-exports: are merchandise exports that were earlier imported into New Zealand and have less than 50 percent New Zealand content by value.
Seasonal adjustment: removes the estimated impact of regular seasonal events, such as pre-Christmas purchasing, from time series. This makes the figures for adjacent periods more comparable.
Trade balance: is calculated by deducting imports (cif) from exports (fob). These two valuations are not entirely comparable, because the cif valuation includes insurance and freight to New Zealand while the fob valuation excludes insurance and freight from New Zealand.
Trade deficit: occurs when the value of imports is more than the value of exports.
Trade surplus: occurs when the value of exports is more than the value of imports.
Trend: estimates reveal the underlying direction of movement in a series and are used to identify turning points.
vfd: is value for duty (the value of imports before insurance and freight costs are added).