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Technical notes

Information and Communication Technology in New Zealand and Australia presents a selection of ICT data on sales of ICT goods and services, business use of ICT, and Internet services in both countries, produced by Statistics New Zealand and the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).

Sales of ICT goods and services

Data was sourced from the New Zealand ICT Supply Survey and the Australian ICT Industry Survey. Detailed technical notes for each survey are available (see ABS, 2007; Statistics NZ, 2008a) and a summary is provided below.

Reference periods

New Zealand data is for the year ended March 2008; Australian data is for the year ended June 2007.

Target populations

The industrial classification used in both surveys was the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification 2006 (ANZSIC 2006).

New Zealand

The target population includes all enterprise units with 2.0 or more rolling mean employees (RME) engaged in ICT activity in New Zealand. However, businesses that are known to be significant ICT enterprises were surveyed regardless of their RME count. RME is a 12-month moving average of the monthly employment count figure. The population for the ICT Supply Survey 2007/08 was 2,974 enterprises.

Australia

The scope of the survey includes non-employing businesses. For efficiency purposes, this was restricted to include only those which contribute to the top 97.5 percent of total turnover for all non-employers from ICT industries. This population was chosen based on Business Activity Statement (BAS) information previously submitted to the Australian Tax Office. When the survey sample was taken in June 2007, there were approximately 36,000 ICT businesses within this scope on the ABS Business Register.

Adjustments

To increase comparability, some adjustments were made to the industries included in this analysis. Those that were not covered by Australian data were excluded from New Zealand’s. Apart from being only a minor contributor to the total ICT sales of goods and services in both countries, the communication equipment manufacturing industry was excluded from both countries for confidentiality reasons.

Response rates

The response rate for New Zealand was 78 percent and 94 percent for Australia.

Business use of ICT

Data was sourced from the New Zealand Business Operations Survey: 2008 and the Australian 2007–08 Business Characteristics Survey. Detailed technical notes for each survey are available (see ABS, 2008; Statistics NZ, 2008b) and a summary is provided below.

Reference periods

The New Zealand survey was posted out in August 2008 and collected information for the last financial year for which the business had data available. In most cases this was the year ended March 2008.

The Australian reference period was for the year ended 30 June 2008.

Target populations

Both surveys used ANZSIC 2006.

New Zealand

The target population was economically significant enterprises on Statistics NZ’s Business Frame that at the population selection date had:

  • six or more employees
  • been operating for one year or more.

The industries excluded from the population were:

  • ANZSIC 2006 division O, public administration and safety
  • ANZSIC 2006  subdivision 89, heritage activities
  • ANZSIC 2006  subdivision 90, creative and performing arts activities
  • ANZSIC 2006  subdivision 95, personal and other services
  • ANZSIC 2006  subdivision 96, private household employing staff and undifferentiated goods and service  producing activities of households for own use.

The final estimated population size for the 2008 Business Operations Survey was 36,075 enterprises.

Australia

The scope of the estimates consists of all business entities in the Australian economy, except for:

  • Standard Institutional Sector Classification of Australia (SISCA) 3000, general government
  • Standard Institutional Sector Classification of Australia (SISCA) 6000, rest of the world
  • ANZSIC 2006 division A, agriculture, forestry, and fishing
  • ANZSIC 2006 division O, public administration and safety
  • ANZSIC 2006 division P, education and training
  • ANZSIC 2006 groups 624 (financial asset investing) and 633 (superannuation funds)
  • ANZSIC 2006 groups 854 (religious services) and 955 (civic, professional, and other   interest group services)
  • ANZSIC 2006 subdivision 96, private households employing staff.

The final estimated population for the 2007–08 Business Characteristics Survey was 711,000 enterprises.

Adjustments

To compare the ICT activities of businesses in both countries the following adjustments were made to the data:

  • exclude businesses with less than five employees from the Australian data
  • exclude businesses from the agriculture, forestry, and fishing industry; and the education and training industry from the New Zealand data.

Response rates

The response rate for New Zealand was 81 percent and 96 percent for Australia.

Internet connections

Data was sourced from the New Zealand Internet Service Provider Survey: June 2009 and the Australian Internet Activity Survey (IAS) June 2009. Detailed technical notes for each survey are available (see ABS, 2009; Statistics NZ, 2009) and a summary is provided below.

Reference periods

The reference period for both New Zealand and Australia was at 30 June 2009.

Target populations

New Zealand

The target population is all resident New Zealand Internet service providers (ISPs), where ISPs were defined as economically significant businesses that supply permanent or regular Internet connectivity services to individuals, households, businesses, and other organisations in New Zealand.

Australia

The survey covers ISPs that operated in Australia and reported more than 1,000 active subscribers. ISPs are defined as businesses that supply Internet connectivity and access services to individuals, households, businesses, government, and other organisations.

Adjustments

The ABS estimated that the overall contribution of ISPs with less than 1,000 subscribers to the December 2008 IAS was less than 1 percent of all subscribers, with no impact on any other data released. Therefore, we have made no adjustments to the data in this analysis.

Response rates

The response rate for New Zealand was 86 percent and 93 percent for Australia.

Definitions

Active subscribers

Active subscribers are defined as subscribers having accounts with ISPs who have accessed the internet or paid for access to the internet during the 90 days ending 30 June 2009. It should be noted that counts of subscribers are not the same as counts of people or businesses, because subscribers may have accounts with more than one ISP and a single ISP subscriber account may provide Internet access to multiple people.

ANZSIC

Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC).

Business Frame

A register of all economically significant businesses operating in New Zealand, maintained by Statistics NZ from which the survey population is drawn.

Mobile wireless (cellular) subscribers

Subscribers that connect to the Internet using a data card, but excludes Internet connections through mobile phones.

Enterprise

A single business entity operating in New Zealand either as a legally constituted body, such as a company, trust, local or central government trading organisation, incorporated society, or self-employed individual.

Gross domestic product

The total market value of goods and services produced within a given period after deducting the cost of goods and services used in the process of production.

OECD definition of ICT goods and services

ICT goods and services fulfil or enable the function of information processing and communication by electronic means. Alternatively, ICT goods may also use electronic processing to detect, measure, and/or record physical phenomena or control a physical process.

Rolling mean employment

A 12-month moving average of the monthly employment count figure. This number comes from the Statistics NZ Business Frame which is updated on a monthly basis by employers.

Copyright

Information obtained from Statistics NZ may be freely used, reproduced, or quoted unless otherwise specified. In all cases Statistics NZ must be acknowledged as the source. For copyright information of the ABS, go to its website www.abs.gov.au.




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