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Bioscience Survey: 2011
Embargoed until 10:45am  –  17 February 2012
Definitions

About the Bioscience Survey 2011

The information gathered in the Bioscience Survey 2011 is intended to measure the contribution of bioscience to the New Zealand economy. It will also assist in forming policies and procedures that support bioscience business activity. The survey measures the use of bioscience and its uptake by organisations. The survey also asked respondents about the characteristics of their organisations, including their use of strategic alliances, information sharing, and the constraints on bioscience work.

More definitions

ANZSIC06: Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification 2006.

Area of application: is where the bioscience activity has been directly applied across an organisation's development, manufacturing, or production processes.

Bioscience: is the development and application of knowledge of the way plants, animals, and humans function – to develop products and services.

Bioscience activities may occur in the following areas:

  • agriculture feedstock and chemicals
  • aquaculture, horticulture, and forestry
  • human and animal therapeutics and diagnostics (including clinical trial providers)
  • medical devices and equipment
  • research testing and medical laboratories
  • microbes
  • biotechnology.

Biotechnology: is the application of science and technology to living organisms and their parts, products, and models, to alter living or non-living materials to produce knowledge, goods, and services.

The following list of techniques was published by the OECD in 2004 as a guide to what biotechnology includes:

  • DNA – the coding: genomics, pharmaco-genetics, gene probes, DNA sequencing/synthesis/amplification, genetic engineering
  • proteins and molecules – the functional blocks: protein/peptide sequencing/synthesis, lipid/protein glyco-engineering, proteomics, hormones, and growth factors, cell receptors/signalling/pheromones
  • cell and tissue culture, and engineering: cell/tissue culture, tissue engineering, hybridisation, cellular fusion, vaccine/immune stimulants, embryo manipulation
  • process biotechnologies: bioreactors, fermentation, bioprocessing, bioleaching, bio-pulping, bio-bleaching, biodesulphurisation, bioremediation, and biofiltration
  • DNA and RNA vectors: gene therapy, viral vectors
  • other: bioinformatics, nanobiotechnologies, other.

Organisation: a business or service entity operating in New Zealand. It can be a company, partnership, trust, estate, incorporated society, producer board, local or central government organisation, voluntary organisation, or self-employed individual.

Research and development (R&D): research and experimental development involving creative work undertaken on a systematic basis, in order to increase the stock of knowledge. Any activity classified as R&D is characterised by originality. Investigation is a primary objective.

Statistics New Zealand Business Frame: A register of all businesses operating in New Zealand.

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