This report describes the changes that have occurred in housing and the effects of housing changes on the population in the greater Christchurch area as a result of the Canterbury earthquake sequence that began in September 2010. Research overseas has shown that after a major disaster housing issues increase, particularly for vulnerable populations such as low-income households, some ethnic minorities, and one-parent families.
This report will explore the following questions:
- What is the extent of the decline in residential housing stock in greater Christchurch? How has this varied by type of dwelling?
- Has there been a change in the tenure mix of dwellings?
- Have the earthquakes led to increased housing problems in greater Christchurch, particularly for lower-income people? In particular:
- Has there been a decline in rental affordability?
- Has household crowding increased?
- Has there been an increase in people living in ‘temporary’ housing types such as private dwellings in a motor camp, mobile dwellings, improvised dwellings, or shelters?
- Has there been a change in the characteristics of people living in situations that can be characterised as housing deprived?
While there been considerable interest in whether the earthquakes have led to an increase in homelessness, this is not an easy question to answer from census data alone. Therefore, this report does not estimate homelessness but does focus on types of housing associated with severe housing deprivation, such as boarding houses and temporary dwellings.
See QuickStats about greater Christchurch for an outline of the situation in greater Christchurch two years after the 2010–11 earthquakes.
For feedback please contact Rosemary.Goodyear@stats.govt.nz.
Goodyear, Rosemary (2014). Housing in greater Christchurch after the earthquakes.
Available from www.stats.govt.nz.
ISBN 978-0-478-42905-3 (online)
To read the paper, download the printable PDF from ‘Available files’ above. If you have problems viewing the files, see Opening files and PDFs.
Published: 16 June 2014
Updated: 11 July 2014