The Asian population in New Zealand is very diverse, with settlers from all areas within Asia and from other countries with large Asian diasporas, together with a growing locally born population. There are two well established groups with a long history of settlement: people of Indian ethnicities (23 percent born in New Zealand) and people of Chinese ethnicities (22 percent born in New Zealand). While it is often convenient to refer to these groups as 'Chinese ethnic group' and 'Indian ethnic group', readers need to be aware that this is quite misleading because, in both cases, these labels subsume a very diverse group of ethnicities. These include people born in New Zealand, as well as people born in a number of Asian, European and Pacific countries.
The influence of people of Chinese ethnicities on the overall Asian patterns is seen in the age-sex pyramids of the Chinese movers and non-movers, as well as among the arrivals from overseas. Although Chinese settlement in New Zealand has a very long history, there has also been significant recent migration, which can be seen in the patterns of settlement from overseas and resettlement within New Zealand.
The patterns for movers and non-movers of Indian ethnicities reflect quite different migration histories from the Chinese. Student migration is less of a feature for Indian ethnicities, and family migration is more strongly featured with the adult male profile of movers being slightly older than the females and the children moving with the families. Those overseas five years ago tend to be in the middle working age groups, reflecting the levels of skilled migration. A significant number of Indian migrants originated in Fiji.