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National Ethnic Population Projections: 2006 (base) - 2026
Embargoed until 10:45am  –  02 April 2008
Commentary

Background

This release contains 2006-base population projections of four broad ethnic populations of New Zealand: 'European or Other (including New Zealander)', Māori, Asian and Pacific. These supersede the updated 2001-base projections released in April 2005. The new projections have the estimated resident population of each ethnic group at 30 June 2006 as a base, and cover the period to 2026 at one-year intervals. Detailed projection results, including projections for individual years and by single-year of age and sex, are available from Table Builder on the Statistics New Zealand website (www.stats.govt.nz). Ethnic population projections for regional council and territorial authority areas will be available in late 2008.

Ethnic population projections are derived to provide information about New Zealand's changing demographic structure. They assist a variety of policy, planning and research purposes. In addition, the projections provide information for ethnic communities to understand changes in their population size and composition.

The projections are neither predictions nor forecasts. They provide an indication of possible future changes in the size and composition of the ethnic populations. While the projection assumptions are formulated from an assessment of short-term and long-term demographic trends, there is no certainty that any of the assumptions will be realised.

Each ethnic population consists of all people who identify with ethnicities within that ethnic group. It is important to note that these ethnic populations are not mutually exclusive because people can and do identify with more than one ethnicity. People who identify with more than one ethnicity have been included in each ethnic population that they identify with.

The Māori, Pacific and Asian ethnic groups are defined in Level One of the Standard Classification of Ethnicity 2005. The estimates/projections for the 'European or Other (including New Zealander)' group include people who belong to the 'European' or 'Other Ethnicity' groups defined in Level One of the standard classification. If a person belongs to both the 'European' and 'Other Ethnicity' groups they have only been counted once. Almost all people in the 'Other Ethnicity' group belong to the 'New Zealander' sub-group.

What has changed from the previous 2001-base projections?

These national ethnic population projections incorporate information from the 2006 Census of Population and Dwellings, ethnic population estimates at 30 June 2006, the latest 2006-base national population projections (released 24 October 2007), and the latest demographic information including birth and death registrations to December 2007.

Compared with the previous 2004-base national population projections (released 16 December 2004), mid-range series 5 of the 2006-base national population projections assumes:

1. A base population at 30 June 2006 of 4.18 million. This is 58,000 or 1.4 percent higher than the 4.13 million projected from the 2004-base national population projections (series 5), mainly because observed net migration was higher than assumed. Net migration between 30 June 2001 and 2006 was an estimated 161,000, based on estimated population change less natural increase (births minus deaths), compared with the medium migration variant of 104,000 in the 2004-base projections.

2. An average total fertility rate of 2.09 births per woman during 2007–2011, dropping to 2.00 during 2012–2016, 1.94 during 2017–2021, 1.91 during 2022–2026, and 1.90 thereafter. By comparison, the previous 2004-base projections assumed the average total fertility rate dropped from 1.95 during 2007–2011 to 1.88 in 2012–2016 and 1.85 thereafter. These higher fertility levels incorporate the recent rise in the total fertility rate, from about 1.9 in the year ended June 2002, to 2.0 in the year ended June 2006, and to 2.1 in the year ended June 2007.

3. Net migration of 46,000 in the five years to 30 June 2011 and 50,000 in each subsequent five-year period. By comparison, the previous 2004-base projections assumed net migration of 38,000 in the five years to 30 June 2011, and 50,000 in each subsequent five-year period.

4. Life expectancy at birth will increase to 81.8 years for males and 85.5 years for females in 2026. By comparison, the previous 2004-base projections assumed life expectancy at birth of 81.5 years for males and 85.4 years for females in 2026.

The projection assumptions for the national ethnic population projections incorporate these changes. The combined effect of these changes is that in 2021 the new ethnic population projections have the 'European or Other' population at 3.40 million, the Māori population at 770,000, the Asian population at 690,000 and the Pacific population at 430,000 according to series 6. By comparison, the previous projections had the equivalent European population at 3.23 million, the Māori population at 760,000, the Asian population at 670,000 and the Pacific population at 420,000 in 2021.

Which projection series should I use?

For each ethnic group ('European or Other', Māori, Asian and Pacific), eleven projection series have been produced to illustrate a range of possible scenarios using different combinations of fertility, mortality, migration and inter-ethnic mobility assumptions. Users can make their own judgement as to which projection series is/are most suitable for their purposes. However, at the time of release, Statistics New Zealand considers mid-range projection series 6 the most suitable for assessing future population changes. Series 6 is consistent with mid-range series 5 of the national population projections (2006-base, released October 2007).

Graph, Alternative Projection Series.  

Series 6 assumes:

  • Fertility: By 2026, the total fertility rate will be 1.75 births per woman for European or Other women, 2.50 for Māori women, 1.55 for Asian women, and 2.60 for Pacific women, while the total paternity rate will be 0.14 births per man for European or Other men (with non-European and non-Other women), 0.95 for Māori men (with non-Māori women), 0.22 for Asian men (with non-Asian women), and 1.05 for Pacific men (with non-Pacific women).
  • Mortality: Life expectancy at birth will increase for the European or Other population to 82.6 years for males and 86.2 years for females by 2026, for the Māori population to 76.5 years for males and 80.6 years for females, for the Asian population to 85.4 years for males and 88.8 years for females, and for the Pacific population to 78.4 years for males and 82.3 years for females.
  • Migration: There will be long-run annual net migration levels of -3,000 for the European or Other population (from 2010), -3,000 for the Māori population (from 2010), 12,000 for the Asian population (from 2010), and 500 for the Pacific population (from 2008).
  • Inter-ethnic mobility: There will be a net change to the population due to people changing their ethnic identification of zero percent a year for the European or Other population, -0.3 percent for the Māori population, -0.2 percent for the Asian population, and -0.2 percent for the Pacific population.

Among the projections, series 1 uses low population growth assumptions and projects the lowest population throughout the projection period. In contrast, series 11 uses high population growth assumptions and projects the highest population throughout the projection period.

Summary

The ethnic mosaic of New Zealand's population is changing with the Māori, Asian and Pacific populations making up a growing proportion of the overall New Zealand population. This reflects past and likely future differentials in fertility, as well as the impact of miscegenation (intermarriage) and changes in migration patterns.

In addition, the Māori, Asian and Pacific populations have a more youthful age structure and thus a greater built-in momentum for growth than the European or Other population. Combined with higher fertility for Māori and Pacific people, and the assumed net migration levels for Asian people, these ethnic populations are likely to grow at a much faster pace than their European or Other counterparts.

All ethnic groups will age in the coming decades, reflected in rising median ages and increasing proportions of people in the older ages. However, even two decades on, the Māori and Pacific populations will still have a younger age structure than the current total New Zealand population.

Alternative projection series

The 'European or Other (including New Zealander)' population is projected to increase from 3.21 million at 30 June 2006 to 3.43 million in 2026 (according to series 6 which assumes medium fertility, medium mortality, medium migration and medium inter-ethnic mobility). Under series 1 (low fertility, high mortality, low migration and high inter-ethnic mobility), the European or Other population will be less in 2026 (3.06 million) than in 2006. All other series project higher European or Other populations in 2026 than in 2006, with series 11 (high fertility, low mortality, high migration and low inter-ethnic mobility) projecting the highest population in 2026 of 3.83 million.

The Māori, Asian and Pacific populations are projected to increase during the projection period under all series:

  • The Māori population is projected to increase from 620,000 at 30 June 2006 to 820,000 (series 6) in 2026, and range between 700,000 (series 1) and 940,000 (series 11) in 2026.
  • The Asian population is projected to increase from 400,000 in 2006 to 790,000 (series 6) in 2026, and range between 600,000 (series 1) and 990,000 (series 11).
  • The Pacific population is projected to increase from 300,000 in 2006 to 480,000 (series 6) in 2026, and range between 430,000 (series 1) and 540,000 (series 11).

The total New Zealand population is projected to grow from 4.18 million to 4.94 million in 2026 (assuming medium fertility, medium mortality and long-run annual net migration of 10,000 a year). Alternative projections give a range of 4.70 to 5.18 million in 2026.

Graph, Projected European or Other Population. Graph, Projected Maori Population.
Graph, Projected Asian Population. Graph, Projected Pacific Population.

Population growth

All four ethnic populations are projected to experience growth between 2006 and 2026 under projection series 6. The Asian population is projected to have the largest relative growth, averaging 3.4 percent a year. The Pacific and Māori populations will average annual growth of 2.4 and 1.4 percent, respectively. The 'European or Other' population will increase by an average of 0.3 percent a year. The total New Zealand population is projected to increase by an average of 0.8 percent a year between 2006 and 2026. Population growth is likely to slow for all populations, reflecting a gradual ageing of each population and lower rates of natural increase.

Graph, Projected Annual Population Growth Rate. Graph, Projected Ethinc Share of New Zealand Population.

The Māori, Asian and Pacific populations will all increase their share of the New Zealand population over the projection period because of their higher growth rates. The Māori population will make up 16.6 percent of the New Zealand population by 2026 compared with 14.9 percent in 2006. The Asian population will make up 16.0 percent of the New Zealand population by 2026 compared with 9.7 percent in 2006. The Pacific population will make up 9.8 percent of the New Zealand population by 2026 compared with 7.2 percent in 2006. These shares are all based on series 6 of the national ethnic population projections compared with series 5 of the national population projections. Other series cannot be directly compared because the projection assumptions are not necessarily compatible.

The increase in the Māori and Pacific population shares is mainly driven by their high rates of birth and natural increase. During 2005–2007, the Māori and Pacific total fertility rates were 2.8 and 3.0 births per woman, respectively. By comparison, the European or Other, Asian and total New Zealand levels were 1.9, 1.5 and 2.0 births per woman, respectively. Ethnic miscegenation (intermarriage) also makes an important contribution to growth. In about one-quarter of Māori births, the mother is non-Māori and the father is Māori. Similarly, in about one-quarter of Pacific births, the mother is non-Pacific and the father is Pacific. In addition, the Māori and Pacific populations have a much younger age structure, with relatively high proportions in the child and childbearing ages and low proportions at the older ages, which provides a built-in momentum for future growth.

The increase in the Asian population share is largely driven by the assumed levels of net migration, with a net inflow of about 240,000 migrants assumed over the 20-year period (series 6). Natural increase (births minus deaths) will account for about 160,000 of the projected Asian population growth.

The European or Other population will make up 69.4 percent of the New Zealand population by 2026 compared with 76.8 percent in 2006. The lower European or Other share is a result of the lower than average European or Other population growth rate. This reflects the combination of lower fertility rates, an assumed net migration outflow of about 60,000 over the 20-year projection period, and an older age structure. The increasingly older age structure of the European or Other population means fewer births (because of fewer women in the childbearing ages), more deaths, and lower momentum for future population growth compared with the Māori and Pacific populations.

About 1 percent of New Zealand's population identified with ethnicities outside of these four broad ethnic groups in 2006. That is, an estimated 39,000 people identified with a Middle Eastern/Latin American/African (MELAA) ethnicity at 30 June 2006.

Graph, Ethnic Share of New Zealand Population.  

Births and deaths

European or Other

'European or Other' births are expected to increase from 44,000 in 2007 to 47,000 in 2008, and then decrease to 39,000 in 2016 and 37,000 in 2026 (series 6). The decrease in births is driven partly by the decline in the number of European or Other women in the childbearing ages, and partly by the assumed decline in European or Other total fertility rates from 2.00 births per woman in 2007 and 2.15 in 2008 to 1.89 in 2016 and 1.75 in 2026. Under the high growth scenario (series 11), European or Other births remain stable around 48,000 a year for most of the projection period. However, the low growth scenario (series 1) sees births dropping to 28,000 by 2026.

The contribution of ethnic paternity rates to European or Other births is relatively small with about 1 in 14 European or Other births contributed by non-European and non-Other mothers where the father is European or Other.

European or Other deaths are expected to increase steadily from 24,000 in 2007 to 30,000 in 2026 (series 6). This trend is due to more European or Other people in the older ages, where most deaths occur. In the low mortality (series 9) and high mortality (series 3) scenarios, European or Other deaths total 28,000 and 32,000, respectively, in 2026.

Natural increase (births minus deaths) is projected to initially increase, from 20,000 in 2007 to 23,000 in 2008, before shrinking to 13,000 in 2016 and 8,000 in 2026 (series 6). Under all scenarios European or Other natural increase declines after 2009, ranging in 2026 from a natural decrease of 3,000 (series 1) to a natural increase of 20,000 (series 11).

Graph, Projected European or Other Births and Deaths. Graph, Projected Maori Births and Deaths.

Māori

Māori births are expected to increase from 18,000 in 2007 to over 19,000 a year in 2008–2010, and then decrease to about 18,000 a year from 2014 (series 6). The relatively stable number reflects more Māori in the childbearing ages which offsets the assumed decline in fertility rates. Under the high growth scenario (series 11), Māori births continue to rise to 21,000 in 2016 and nearly 24,000 in 2026. However, the low growth scenario (series 1) sees births dropping below 14,000 from 2021.

The contribution of ethnic paternity rates to Māori births is significant with about 1 in 4 Māori births contributed by non-Māori mothers where the father is Māori.

Māori deaths are expected to increase steadily from almost 3,000 in 2007 to nearly 4,000 in 2026 (series 6), due to more Māori at older ages where most deaths occur. There is relatively little variation in projected deaths over the 20-year projection period, with about 3,600 deaths expected in 2026 under the low mortality scenario (series 9) and 4,200 under the high mortality scenario (series 3).

Natural increase will rise from 15,000 in 2007 to over 16,000 in 2008–2010, and then decrease to under 15,000 from 2015 (series 6). Under all scenarios Māori natural increase remains significant, ranging between 10,000 (series 1) and 20,000 (series 11) in 2026.

Asian

Asian births are expected to increase from 6,500 in 2007 to over 10,000 a year from 2017 (series 6). The increase in births is driven by more Asian women in the childbearing ages. However, there is a wide range in projected births depending on the combination of projection assumptions. Under series 1, annual births remain stable around 7,000 a year. Under series 11, annual births continue to increase reaching 15,500 in 2026.

About 1 in 9 Asian births are contributed by non-Asian mothers where the father is Asian.

Asian deaths are expected to increase from 600 in 2007 to over 2,000 a year from 2024 (series 6), due to more Asian people at older ages where most deaths occur. There is relatively little variation in projected deaths over the projection period, with about 2,100 deaths expected in 2026 under the low mortality scenario (series 9) and 2,600 under the high mortality scenario (series 3).

Natural increase is projected to increase from 6,000 in 2007 to nearly 9,000 in 2018, but then ease to 8,000 in 2026 (series 6). Unlike the other ethnic groups, natural increase makes a smaller contribution than net migration to Asian population growth. Nevertheless, under all scenarios Asian natural increase remains positive, ranging between 4,000 (series 1) and 13,000 (series 11) in 2026.

Pacific

Pacific births are expected to increase from about 9,000 in 2007 to almost 12,000 in 2026 (series 6). This is due to more Pacific people in the childbearing ages, which more than offsets the assumed decline in fertility rates. Under the high growth scenario (series 11), Pacific births continue to rise to 12,000 in 2016 and nearly 15,000 in 2026. However, the low growth scenario (series 1) sees annual births remaining below 10,000.

Graph, Projected Asian Births and Deaths. Graph, Projected Pacific Births and Deaths.

The contribution of ethnic paternity rates to Pacific births is significant with about 1 in 4 Pacific births contributed by non-Pacific mothers where the father is Pacific.

Pacific deaths are expected to increase from 1,100 in 2007 to 1,700 in 2026 (series 6), due to more Pacific people at older ages. There is relatively little variation in projected deaths over the 20-year projection period, with about 1,600 deaths expected in 2026 under the low mortality scenario (series 9) and 1,800 under the high mortality scenario (series 3).

Natural increase will generally increase from about 8,000 in 2007 to 9,000 in 2016 and to over 10,000 by 2026 (series 6). Under all scenarios Pacific natural increase remains significant, ranging between 8,000 (series 1) and 13,000 (series 11) in 2026.

Ageing population

All four ethnic populations are projected to age over the next two decades, regardless of which projection series is chosen, reflected in rising median ages and increasing proportions of people in the older ages.

Graph, Projected Median Age of Population.

The Māori and Pacific populations will continue to have a much younger age structure than the overall New Zealand population because of their higher birth rates. Half of the Māori population will be older than 25.3 years by 2026, compared with a median age of 22.9 years in 2006 (series 6). Half of the Pacific population will be older than 23.3 years by 2026, compared with a median age of 21.7 years in 2006.

The Asian population will continue to have a younger age structure than the overall New Zealand population, mainly because of immigration. Half of the Asian population will be older than 35.9 years by 2026, compared with a median age of 28.5 years in 2006 (series 6).

Graph, Population Age Pyrimads.

Children

The number of 'European or Other' children (aged 0–14 years) is projected to decrease by 11 percent during the projection period, from 645,000 in 2006 to 577,000 in 2026 (series 6). As a result, children will make up a smaller proportion of the European or Other population, dropping from 20 percent to 17 percent. This smaller proportion is due to the decrease in the number of births and the gradual ageing of the European or Other population. Only the high growth projection (series 11) indicates more European or Other children in 2026 than in 2006.

The number of Māori children is projected to increase 21 percent from 215,000 in 2006 to 260,000 in 2026 (series 6). However, children will make up a smaller proportion of the Māori population, dropping from 34 percent in 2006 to 32 percent in 2026. This is due to the projected decline in the Māori birth rate and the gradual ageing of the Māori population.

The number of Asian children is projected to roughly double from 84,000 in 2006 to 165,000 in 2026 (series 6). Children will make up a similar proportion of the Asian population in 2026 as in 2006 at 21 percent, although this proportion will vary between 20 and 22 percent during the projection period. All projection series indicate more Asian children in 2026.

The number of Pacific children is projected to rise steadily, increasing from 110,000 in 2006 to 164,000 in 2026 (series 6). Children will make up a smaller proportion of the Pacific population, dropping from 37 percent in 2006 to 34 percent in 2026. This is due to the projected decline in the Pacific birth rate and the gradual ageing of the Pacific population.

Graph, Projected Population Aged 0-14 Years. Graph, Projected Proportion of Ethinc Group Aged 0-14 Years.

The ethnic composition of New Zealand children will change over the projection period. According to series 6:

  • European or Other children will make up 64 percent of New Zealand children in 2026, compared with 73 percent in 2006.
  • Māori children will make up about 29 percent in 2026, compared with 24 percent in 2006.
  • Asian children will make up about 18 percent in 2026, compared with 9 percent in 2006.
  • Pacific children will make up about 18 percent in 2026, compared with 12 percent in 2006.

The ethnic overlap is particularly significant among children reflecting the incidence of multiple ethnicities. At the 2006 Census, 20 percent of children (aged 0–14 years) identified with more than one ethnicity compared with 10 percent of the population overall.

Working-age population

European or Other

The 'European or Other' working-age population (those aged 15–64 years) is projected to increase initially, from 2.10 million in 2006 to 2.14 million in 2011, and then decline to 2.07 million in 2026 (series 6). People in the working ages will make up 60 percent of the European or Other population in 2026, down from 66 percent in 2006.

Within this broad group, however, there will be different trends. The population aged 15–39 years is expected to decrease from 1.04 million in 2006 to just under 1.00 million in 2016, but then increase to 1.02 million in 2026 (series 6). From 2014, just under 30 percent of the European or Other population will be aged 15–39 years, compared with 32 percent in 2006.

In contrast, the European or Other population aged 40–64 years is projected to increase from 1.06 million in 2006 to 1.13 million in 2014 (series 6). After 2014, their number will decline to 1.05 million in 2026. This age group accounted for 33 percent of the European or Other population in 2006, and is expected to increase to 34 percent in 2011 but then decrease to 30 percent in 2026. The contrasting trends of the 15–39 years and 40–64 years age groups mainly reflect the ageing of the large birth cohorts of the 1950s to early 1970s.

Graph, Projected Age Ground Distribution of Ethinc Populations.

Māori

The Māori working-age population is projected to increase from 380,000 in 2006 to 490,000 in 2026 (series 6). They will make up 60 percent of the Māori population in 2026, down slightly from 61 percent in 2006. Within this group, the population aged 15–39 years is projected to increase by 24 percent between 2006 and 2026, from 250,000 to 300,000 (series 6). This age group accounted for 39 percent of the Māori population in 2006, but is expected to drop to just above 35 percent in 2021 before the proportion increases to 37 percent in 2026.

The number of Māori people aged 40–64 years is expected to increase from 140,000 in 2006 to 180,000 in 2026. In 2026, 22 percent of the Māori population will be aged 40–64 years, the same as in 2006, although the proportion will be nearly 24 percent in 2015.

Asian

The Asian working-age population is projected to increase significantly from 300,000 in 2006 to 530,000 in 2026 (series 6). They will make up 67 percent of the Asian population in 2026, down from 75 percent in 2006. Within this group, the Asian population aged 15–39 years is expected to increase from 190,000 in 2006 to 280,000 in 2026. In 2026, 35 percent of the Asian population will be aged 15–39 years, compared with 48 percent in 2006.

The number of Asian people aged 40–64 years is projected to more than double between 2006 and 2026, from 110,000 to 250,000. This age group accounted for 27 percent of the Asian population in 2006, but is expected to increase to 32 percent in 2026.

Graph, Projected Population Aged 15-39 Years. Graph, Projected Population of Ethnic Group Aged 15-39 Years.
Graph, Projected Population Aged 40-64 Years. Graph, Projected Population of Ethnic Group Aged 40-64 Years.

Pacific

The Pacific working-age population is projected to increase from 180,000 in 2006 to 290,000 in 2026 (series 6). They will make up 59 percent of the Pacific population in 2026, down slightly from 60 percent in 2006. Within this group, the Pacific population aged 15–39 years is expected to increase from 120,000 in 2006 to 190,000 in 2026. In 2026, 39 percent of the Pacific population will be aged 15–39 years, down from 40 percent in 2006 but up from 37 percent in 2020.

The number of Pacific people aged 40–64 years is projected to increase from 60,000 in 2006 to 100,000 in 2026. This age group accounted for 20 percent of the Pacific population in 2006, and is expected to account for 21 percent in 2016 and 20 percent in 2026.

Ethnic proportions

The ethnic composition of New Zealand's working-age population is projected to become increasingly diverse with a greater proportion identifying with Māori, Asian and Pacific ethnicities in the future. According to series 6, Māori will increase their share from 14 percent in 2006 to 16 percent in 2026, the Asian share will increase from 11 percent to 17 percent, while the Pacific share will increase from 6 percent to 9 percent. Over the same time the 'European or Other' share will drop from 76 percent to 67 percent.

Among the younger workers (aged 15–39 years), the Māori share is projected to be 19 percent in 2026, up from 17 percent in 2006; the Asian share 18 percent in 2026, up from 13 percent; and the Pacific share 12 percent in 2026, up from 8 percent. In contrast, the European or Other share will be 65 percent by 2026, compared with 71 percent in 2006.

A similar trend emerges for the older workers (aged 40–64 years). The Māori share is projected to be 12 percent in 2026, up from 10 percent in 2006; the Asian share 17 percent in 2026, up from 8 percent; and the Pacific share 7 percent in 2026, up from 5 percent. In contrast, the European or Other share will be 69 percent by 2026, compared with 81 percent in 2006.

Older people

Older people in all ethnic groups are projected to increase significantly under all projection scenarios. The number of 'European or Other' people aged 65 years and over is projected to reach 780,000 by 2026, up from 460,000 in 2006 (series 6). In 2026 they will make up 23 percent of the European or Other population, compared with 14 percent in 2006. Under this scenario, the European or Other population aged 65 years and over will outnumber the European or Other population aged 0–14 years in 2018.

The number of Māori people aged 65 years and over is projected to reach 71,000 by 2026, almost three times the 2006 population of 26,000. In 2026, they will make up 9 percent of the Māori population, compared with 4 percent in 2006.

The number of Asian people aged 65 years and over is projected to reach 91,000 by 2026, almost five times the 2006 population of 19,000. In 2026, they will make up 12 percent of the Asian population, compared with 5 percent in 2006.

The number of Pacific people aged 65 years and over is projected to reach 33,000 by 2026, almost three times the 2006 population of 12,000. In 2026, they will make up 7 percent of the Pacific population, compared with 4 percent in 2006.

Graph, Projected Population Aged 65+ Years. Graph, Projected Population of Ethnic Group Aged 65+ Years.

The New Zealand population aged 65 years and over is comprised mainly of European or Other people, partly due to their higher life expectancy. In 2006, the European or Other share was 91 percent. This is projected to drop to 82 percent in 2026 (series 6). In contrast, the Māori, Asian and Pacific shares are all projected to increase. By 2026, the Māori share will be 7 percent, up from 5 percent in 2006; the Asian share will be 10 percent, up from 4 percent; and the Pacific share will be 3 percent, up from 2 percent.

The ethnic overlap is less significant among older people although there is an increasing incidence of multiple ethnicities. At the 2006 Census, 4 percent of people aged 65 years and over identified with more than one ethnicity compared with 10 percent of the population overall.

For technical information contact:
Kim Dunstan or Rino Adair
Christchurch 03 964 8700
Email: demography@stats.govt.nz
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