Click on a theme to see selected changes to the CPI basket over the past 100 years.

The consumers price index (CPI) basket contains a representative sample of goods and services used to track price change. Basket additions and removals reflect changes to consumer spending patterns and to the scope of the index. The visual shows these changes as they occurred at the time. The enlarged basket of 1930 was calculated back to 1914 in the 100-year time series.
  • 1914
  • 2014

1914

Groceries (e.g. bread, flour, sugar, tea, coffee, salt, pepper)

Meat (beef, mutton, pork, tripe)

Dairy produce (e.g. milk, butter, cheese, eggs)

1949

Soft drinks

Seasonal fruit & vegetables

Kumara

Sweets

Ice-creams

Restaurant meals

Chocolate

1930

Fish

1965

Hothouse tomatoes

Instant coffee

Snack bar coffee

Cheese, segmented

Frozen fish fingers

1955

Rice

Frozen peas

1980

Wholemeal bread

Pasta

1977

Mushrooms

1974

Saveloys

Kiwifruit

Margarine

Yoghurt

Takeaways

Potato crisps

1993

Frozen potato products

Takeaway soups

Worcestershire sauce

1988

Cheese, exotic

Muesli

Broccoli

Museli bars

2002

2-minute
noodles

1999

Avocado

Energy drinks

Fresh pasta

Convenience meals

Taro

Courgettes

Capsicum

2014

Packaged leaf salad

Frozen prawns

Breakfast food drinks

2011

Flatbread

2008

Hummus dips

Soy milk

Free-range eggs

2006

Soy sauce

Bottled water

1924

Electric light bulbs

Carpet

Clothes irons

Brooms

1914

House rent

Coal

Gas

Firewood

Electricity

1949

Property maintenance services

Paint

Local authority rates

Home ownership ('user cost')

1924

Crockery

Cutlery

Mops

Spades

1949

Vacuum cleaners

Hand lawnmowers

Toasters

Washing machines

Electric jugs

Furniture

Dwelling insurance

1965

Stamp duty

Oil for heating

Real estate agent services

Conveyancing services

Shifting charges

Motor driven lawnmowers

1955

Wallpaper

Contents insurance

Pressure cookers

Refrigerators

1974

Clothes driers

Home ownership ('expenditure')

Mortgage interest

1999

Home ownership ('acquisition')

1988

Microwave ovens

1980

Plastic food wraps

2014

Property valuation services

2011

Burglar alarm monitoring services

2008

Heat pumps

House cleaning services

1949

Cinema admission

Sports admission

Radio licence

Books

Magazines

Radios

Restaurant meals

1924

Newspapers

Spades

1965

Photographic film

Photographic film development

Television licence

Pianos

33 rpm LP records

45 rpm Single records

1955

Beer (on-licence)

Golf green fees

Records (Gramophone)

Bicycles

1974

Beer (off-licence)

Wine

Spirits

Swimming pools

Domestic holiday accommodation

Sleeping bags

Boats

1965

Black and white televisions

Concert admission

Sports club subscriptions

TV hire

1980

Guitars

Caravans

Garden plants

Music tuition

Tents

Radio cassette players

Colour television

Radio cassette players

1974

Audio cassettes

International air fares

Domestic air fares

1999

Cellphone services

Internet services

Spirit based drinks (RTDs)

1993

Subscriber TV

1988

Car stereos

CDs

Home computers

1983

Video-cassette recorders

2006

Overseas package holidays

Spa pools

MP3 players

Digital photo printing

Laptops

2005

Digital cameras

2002

DVD players

2001

Cellphone handsets

2014

Cider (off-license)

Pets (cats & dogs)

2011

e-books

Tablets

2008

Digital downloads

2006

DVD/VCR combination players

1924

Clothing

Footwear

Shoe repairs

Haircuts

Laundry services

1914

Tobacco

1949

Toothpaste

Soap

Razor blades

Lipstick

Face-powder

Vanishing-cream

Hair perms

Bobby-pins

Restaurant meals

Health services

1965

Hairspray

Shoe polish

Deodorant

1955

Electric razors

Sanitary pads

Wrist watches

1980

Tampons

Disposable nappies

Health insurance

1974

Perfume

Mascara

1993

Term life insurance

1988

Contraceptive supplies

2006

Hair colouring

Eyebrow shape

Leg wax

1924

Shoe repairs

Haircuts

Laundry services

Train fares

Tram fares

1949

Health services

Dwelling insurance

Restaurant meals

Hair perms

Taxi fares

Bus fares

Radio licence

1930

Postage

Telegrams

1965

Shifting charges

Stamp duty

TV hire

Photographic film development

Television licence

1955

Dry cleaning

Contents insurance

Car insurance

Telephone services

1980

Health insurance

1974

Music tuition

School fees

Tertiary education

1993

Term life insurance

Subscriber TV

1988

Early childhood education

2006

Hair colouring

Eyebrow shape

Leg wax

Digital photo printing

1999

Internet services

Cellphone services

2014

Property valuation services

2011

Burglar alarm monitoring services

2008

Auction services

Lawn mowing service

House cleaning services

Digital downloads

1949

Washing machines

Electric jugs

Cinema admission

Radio licence

Hand lawnmowers

Toasters

1924

Electric light bulbs

1914

Electricity

1955

Telephone services

Pressure cookers

Refrigerators

Records (Gramophone)

Sewing machines

Wrist watches

Batteries

Electric razor

1949

Radios

Vacuum cleaners

1965

33 rpm LP records

45 rpm single records

Motor driven lawnmowers

Black and white televisions

TV hire

Photographic film

Photographic film development

Television licence

1983

Video-cassette recorders

Calculators

1980

Radio cassette players

Dishwashers

1977

Typewriters

1974

Colour television

Clothes driers

Audio cassettes

1999

Internet services

Cellphone services

Computer scanners

1993

Computer printers

Subscriber TV

1988

Car stereos

Microwave ovens

CDs

Home computers

2006

DVD discs

Laptops

MP3 players

Computer MFDs

DVD/VCR combination players

2005

Digital cameras

2002

DVD players

2001

Cellphone handsets

2011

Blu-ray discs

Tablets

External hard-drives

e-books

2008

Heat pumps

Digital downloads

Vehicle security

Sat navs

2006

Digital photo printing

1924

Train fares

Tram fares

1949

Taxi fares

Bus fares

1955

Private motoring (cars, oil, tyres)

Driver licence

Petrol

Car insurance

Bicycles

1980

International air fares

1974

Domestic air fares

Motorcycles

Domestic holiday accommodation

Boats

1988

Diesel

Liquid petroleum gas (LPG)

Compressed natural gas (CNG)

2014

Urban ferry fares

2011

Hybrid electric vehciles

2008

Vehicle security

Sat navs

2006

Overseas package holidays

1914

Tinned herrings

Flour, 25 lb bag

Sugar, 56 lb bag

Tapioca

Blue

Candles

Sago

Tripe

1924

Washing boards

Clothes wringers

Fire shovels

1949

Sheep's tongue

Men's pyjamas

Corsets

1993

Buzzy bee toys

1988

Waterbeds

Wine cooler

1949

Sago

Tapioca

1955

Gooseberries

Golden syrup

1965

Herrings in tomato sauce

1975

Tripe

Sheep's tongue

1980

Silverbeet

1983

Marmalade

1988

Salt

Offal

Dripping

1993

Brussel Sprouts

Canned meat

Pepper, white

1999

Milk, delivered

2006

Peppercorns

Takeaway soups

Worcestershire sauce

2008

Peaches

Saveloys

Condensed milk

1949

Candles

Blue

 

1974

Mops

Kerosene

Hand lawnmowers

1988

Matches

Oil for heating

Stamp duty

1993

Mortgage repayment insurance

1999

Residential sections

Mortgage interest

2008

Brooms

2006

Coal

Clothes irons

 

 

1974

Radio licence

45 rpm single records

1988

Radios

1993

Pianos

Tents

Caravans

LP records

1999

Television licence

TV hire

2002

Audio cassettes

2006

Sherry

Swimming pools

Video-cassette recorders

TV repair

2008

DVD/VCR combination players

CRT TVs

Photographic film

2011

Dictionaries

 

1955

Powder puff

1974

Laundry services

 

1988

Shoe polish

Shoe repairs

Hairspray

2006

Hair perms

 

 

 

1974

Laundry services

Radio licence

1980

Telegrams

1988

Shoe repairs

Stamp duty

1993

Mortgage repayment insurance

1999

TV hire

Milk, delivered

Television licence

2006

TV repair

Hair perms

 

 

 

1974

45 rpm single records

Hand lawnmowers

Radio licence

1988

Radios

1993

Typewriters

LP records

1999

TV hire

Television licence

2002

Audio cassettes

2006

Calculators

Video-cassette recorders

Photographic film

2008

DVD/VCR combination players

CRT TVs

Photographic film development

2014

Camcorders

e-readers

 

 

1965

Tram fares

 

 

1999

Compressed natural gas (CNG)

2002

Liquid petroleum gas (LPG)

1949

Washing boards

Candles

Blue

Sago

Tapioca

Fire shovels

1955

Clothes wringers

1965

Tinned herrings

Corsets

1974

Tripe

Sheep's tongue

1993

Waterbeds

Wine cooler

 

2002

Men's pyjamas

2008

Buzzy bee toys