Māori

Nau mai ki tēnei whārangi ipurangi e hora ake nei hei awhi i te iwi Māori ki te kimi i ngā pārongo ā-tatauranga e pā ana ki a tātou katoa. Ko te tumanako nei ia, ka whai hua koutou i ngā kaupapa e kitea mai ana i konei.

Welcome. This page gives you access to statistical information relevant to Māori. We hope you find these statistics useful.

He tātai whetū ki te rangi, ko te ira tangata ki te whenua. | Like the myriad of stars in the heavens, so is the essence of mankind spread across the land.

Latest news

Māori ethnic group increasing in almost every region.

Find out more from:

Find information about Māori

 Choose what interests you from this alphabetical list. The links go to sections on this page.
 

Business and economic development

Agriculture

Agricultural Production Statistics: June 2012 (final) – tables (published 2013)
Tables showing Federation of Māori Authorities members' farming and forestry activities in Aotearoa New Zealand are included as part of this information release.

Agricultural production tables for Federation of Māori Authorities (published 2012)
Tables showing Federation of Māori Authorities members' farming and forestry activities in Aotearoa New Zealand.

Collectively owned Māori farms much larger than the average New Zealand farm (published 2012)
Information about farms owned by members of the Federation of Māori Authorities – a sub-set of all farm and forestry land collectively owned by Māori.

Business

Tatauranga Umanga Māori – consultation paper (published 2012)
Paper on work we're doing to respond to the need for statistics about Māori businesses. See section C of the paper for examples of statistics about Māori business we could produce. We took comments on this paper until 27 July 2012.

View more information on businesses

View more information on the economy

Census

2013 Census

Tatauranga 2013 Ngā Tauanga Tere mō te Māori
Tuhinga, ngā tūtohi māmā noa iho, ngā kauwhata me ngā tūtohi Excel mō ngā Māori mātāwaka, whakapapa rānei.

2013 Census QuickStats about Māori 
Text, simple tables, graphs and Excel tables of Māori, by Māori ethnic group and Māori descent.

Number of Electorates and Electoral Populations: 2013 Census 
Release showing that a net increase of 7,052 people were enrolled on the Māori roll as a result of the Māori Electoral Option 2013. The number of Māori electorates will remain at seven.

View the 2013 Census products and services release schedule to find out what's coming up

2006 Census statistics

QuickStats About Māori 
Statistics from the 2006 Census about Māori. Topics include ethnic population, where Māori live, age and sex, te reo Māori speakers, education, work and income, and Māori descent and iwi.

QuickStats About a Place 
Regional statistics from the 2006 Census on the Māori population. Find out about population and dwellings, age and sex, cultural diversity, marital status, education, work, income, families, households, transport, housing, and access to phones, Internet, and fax.

Children and families / whānau

Caring for children: Findings from the 2009/10 Time Use Survey (published 2013)
Report on time parents spend with their children, including

  • the time parents spend caring for children and factors that influence this
  • the way childcare is shared between parents living with children.

Vulnerable children and families: Some findings from the New Zealand General Social Survey (published 2012)
Report on households with vulnerable children. Eleven economic, housing, health, and social indicators related to poor child outcomes were used to identify households with at-risk children.

View more information on children

View more information on families

Cross-topic statistics

New Zealand social indicators He kete tatauranga
Find key social statistics from across government in one place. The statistics are grouped into topics (eg education, health). Each topic is broken down into specific measures, or indicators. You'll find breakdowns by ethnicity in most indicators.

Te Āhua o Aotearoa: 2014
He tirohanga whānui o te iwi o Aotearoa, te ōhanga me te taiao. An overview of New Zealand's people, economy, and environment (also available in English).

Te Āhua o Aotearoa: 2013
He tirohanga whānui o te iwi o Aotearoa, te ōhanga, me te taiao. An overview of New Zealand's people, economy, and environment.

Te Ao Mārama 2012 
Ngā tatauranga mō te taupori Māori, te hunga kōrero Māori, ngā iwi, te hauora me te oranga, te mōhiotanga me ngā pūkenga, te moni whiwhi, te hunga mahi, te pūnaha māngai tōrangapū, ngā whakataunga tiriti, me ngā whakaaro mō te taiao.

Selected statistics about Māori population, speakers, iwi, health and well-being, knowledge and skills, income, labour force, political representation, treaty settlements, and environmental views.

Culture and identity

New Zealand social indicators He kete tatauranga – Culture and identity
Find statistics from across government about cultural issues such as Māori language in education and the proportion of Māori programming on New Zealand television.

Te Wiki o te Reo Māori 2011 – Manaakitanga i Aotearoa (published 2011)
Ko te kaupapa matua mo te wiki o te reo Māori mō tēnei tau, ko te manaakitanga. He tikanga tuku iho, he taonga whakahirahira hoki te manaakitanga.

Information about manaakitanga, or helping others, and the health of the Māori language.

Culture and identity tables (published 2007)
Tables about the Māori population’s age and sex, birthplace, smoking, income, employment, iwi, descent, languages spoken, qualifications, religious affiliation, home ownership, and participation in unpaid activities.

Based on 1996, 2001, and 2006 Census data. These tables are available from NZ.Stat.

View older information about Māori culture and identity

View more information about culture and identity

Discrimination

New Zealand social indicators He kete tatauranga – Perceived discrimination
Find statistics from across government about perceptions of which groups are the most discriminated against, and the proportion of people that feel they've experienced discrimination.

Working together: Racial discrimination in New Zealand (published 2012)
Find out about levels of racial discrimination by ethnicity, including for the Māori ethnic group. Get data on where this discrimination takes place and the overall levels of perceived discrimination in New Zealand.

Education

Primary and secondary education

New Zealand social indicators He kete tatauranga – Education
Find statistics from across government about the proportion Māori that participated in early childhood education and those that left secondary school with NCEA level 2 and above.

2013 Census education resource
Resources for primary and intermediate school teachers. Resources include a booklet, poster, and unit plan with activities and related materials in English and te reo Māori.

Tertiary education

Student Loans and Allowances: 2012
Find out how many Māori students received student loans and allowances, and the average amount they received.

Short reports drawing on student loans and allowances data with statistics relevant to Māori (published 2007):

Kura kaupapa

New Zealand social indicators He kete tatauranga – Māori language in education
Find out the number of students that attend kura kaupapa.

Measuring New Zealand's Progress Using a Sustainable Development Approach: 2008 (published 2009)
Topic 15, culture and identity, includes information on the number of children attending Māori language immersion schools.

View older information about Māori education

Employment and unemployment

New Zealand social indicators He kete tatauranga – Labour market
Find labour market statistics from across government for Māori, including employment rates and hourly earnings.

Household Labour Force Survey
View quarterly results showing the number of people employed, unemployed, and not in the labour force. Data for the Māori ethnic group is in table 5 of each information release (see the Tables section).

Youth not in employment, education, or training: September 2011 quarter (published 2011)
Article about Māori youth (aged 15–24 years) who are not in employment, education, or training.

View more information about employment and unemployment

Health

New Zealand social indicators He kete tatauranga – Health
Find statistics from across government about health indicators for Māori, including rates of smoking and physical activity.

Disabilities

Disability and Māori in New Zealand in 2006 (published 2010)
Information about disabled Māori. Find out about: patterns of disability, services to support disabled people, education, work and income, housing and living arrangements, travel, and transport.

Injuries

Serious injury outcome indicators for Māori: 2000–12 (published 2013)
Report about long-term injury trends and the annual number and rate of injury for Māori. Includes details about assault, work-related injury, suicide and intentional self-harm, falls, and motor vehicle crashes.

Injury Statistics: Work-related Claims: 2012 (published 2013)
Information about claims people made to the Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) for work-related injuries. Includes numbers and rates of claims made by Māori, as well as trends for 2002–11.

Serious injury outcome indicators for Māori: 2000–11 (published 2012)
Report about long-term injury trends and the annual number and rate of injury for Māori. Includes details about assault, suicide and intentional self-harm, falls, and motor vehicle crashes.

Serious injury outcome indicators for Māori: 1996–2010 (published 2011)
Report about long-term injury trends and the annual frequency and rate of injury for Māori. Includes details about assault, work-related injury, suicide and intentional self-harm, falls, and motor vehicle crashes.

Life expectancy

New Zealand Period Life Tables – information releases
Latest information about Māori death rates by age and sex, Māori life expectancy at different ages, and national longevity and mortality trends. You can view data about life expectancy for Māori since 1950.

Narrowing gap between Māori and non-Māori life expectancy (published 2013)
The gap between Māori and non-Māori life expectancy at birth has narrowed to 7.3 years, based on death rates in 2010–12.

View more information about health

Housing

Ethnicity and crowding: A detailed examination of crowding among ethnic groups in New Zealand 1986–2006 (published 2012)
Report describing the rates of crowding experienced by different ethnic groups in New Zealand, including Māori, and factors that might contribute to these differences.

View more information about housing

Iwi

Iwi profiles (published 2008)
Information on the social and economic positions of iwi based on 2006, 2001, and 1996 Census data.

Profiles include statistics about population, language, education, religion, households and families, labour force, unpaid activities, income, housing, vehicle ownership, telecommunications, children born, and smoking behaviour. 

Profiles are available for iwi with 1,000 or more people. To get a profile for your iwi, email: info@stats.govt.nz.  

Māori statistics development

Environment domain plan 2013: Māori environmental statistics (published 2013)
Outline of initiatives identified to address information needs for Māori environmental statistics.

Kei te pēwhea tō whānau? Exploring whānau using the Māori Social Survey (published 2012)
Describes how the Māori Social Survey 2013 (Te Kupenga) will study whānau and whānau well-being.

Tatauranga Umanga Māori – consultation paper (published 2012)
Paper on work we're doing to respond to the need for statistics about Māori businesses. See section C of the paper for examples of statistics about Māori business we could produce. We took comments on this paper until 27 July 2012.

Kohinga Whakaaro / Māori Social Survey Discussion Document (published 2009) 
Proposal to develop a Māori Social Survey that focuses on addressing social and cultural information needs.

View older information about Māori statistics development

Population

Estimates and projections

Estimates

Population estimates giving the size and composition of the population (for dates in the past).

Māori population estimates 
Estimates of the total, male, and female Māori population. Use the Excel files to find statistics by single year of age, five-year age group, broad age group, and median age.

Projections

Population projections indicating the future size and composition of the population (useful for planning, but not for predicting).

National ethnic population projections 
Includes population projections of the Māori ethnic group (see the Commentary section and tables 1m, 2m, and 3m in the downloadable Excel file).

Subnational ethnic population projections 
Includes projections of Māori living in New Zealand’s regions, cities, and districts. Find information about births and deaths. Get population projections for the North Island and the South Island. For statistics specific to Māori, see tables 1m, 2m, 3m, 4m, 5, and 6 in the downloadable Excel file.

Kaumātua population

Ka huaruatia te taupori kaumātua i roto i te 10 tau (published July 2013)
Kaumātua population doubles in 10 years

Life expectancy

See the Health section of this page for life expectancy data and information.

Migration

Māori Mobility in New Zealand (published 2006)
Report about Māori internal migration (moving within New Zealand) based on data from the 1986, 1991, 1996, 2001, and 2006 Censuses.

View older information about the Māori population

Statistical methods

Classifications and standards

We use classifications to group and organise statistical information. We use standards to make sure we collect statistics in a consistent way. The following classifications and standards are relevant to collecting data about Māori. 

Classifications and standards – Māori descent
The Māori descent classification helps us provide information on the number, distribution, and characteristics of tāngata whenua. 

Classifications and standards – Māori electoral district
We organise statistics based on Māori electoral districts outlined in the Electoral Act 1993. 

Classifications and standards – Iwi
We collect data about iwi two levels: level 1 represents iwi region (rohe) and level 2 shows individual iwi.

Te reo Māori / Māori language

Tatauranga 2013 Ngā Tauanga Tere mō te Māori – Reo Māori 
Kua kapi te taupori matawaka Māori i ngā mōhiohio reo Māori. 

2013 Census QuickStats about Māori – Māori language
Māori language information covers the Māori ethnic population.

Speakers of te reo Māori (published 2011)
Information about the proportion of Māori able to hold an everyday conversation in te reo Māori. It compares figures from the 1991, 1996, and 2006 Censuses.

QuickStats About Māori: Language / Ko te reo (published 2007)
Stats about the number of Māori able to hold a conversation about everyday things in te reo Māori, by age group. Compares results from the 2001 and 2006 Censuses.

View older information about te reo Māori

Time use

Time Use Survey: 2009/10 (published 2011)
Information about how Māori aged 12 years and over spend their time and how ethnicity affects how people spend their time. 

View older information about Māori time use 

Well-being and development

Non-voters in 2008 and 2011 general elections: Findings from NZ General Social Survey (published 2014)
Presents reasons people gave for not voting and selected characteristics of the non-voters – for instance their age, income, labour force status and migrant status.

New Zealand General Social Survey: 2012 (published 2013)
Information and data showing:

  • how well-being varies across different groups within the population, including the Māori ethnic group
  • the relationships between different aspects of life and how they contribute to overall well-being.

Te Waharoa (published 2012)
He tomokanga a Te Waharoa ki ngā raraunga whai mana, rīpoata, ritenga, rauemi hoki e pā ana ki te oranga me te whakawhanaketanga o te iwi Māori.

Te Waharoa is the gateway to official data, reports, measures and products relevant to Māori well-being and development.

Te Kupenga (2013)
Find out about Te Kupenga, our first ever survey of Māori well-being. First results from the survey will be published in May 2014.

View more information about well-being