• Share this page to Facebook
  • Share this page to Twitter
  • Share this page to Google+
Offence categories

This page explains how an offender’s most serious offence is determined in the criminal conviction and sentencing tables, and gives the ANZSOC divisions for classifying offences.

How the most serious offence is determined in tables

An offender's most serious offence is the one with the most severe sentence, measured by its sentence type and magnitude.

See Sentence types for information about how sentence types are ranked in the criminal conviction and sentencing tables.

Change of method for classifying offences

 From 1 July 2010, all New Zealand justice sector statistics have classified offences using the Australian and New Zealand Standard Offence Classification (ANZSOC) method where appropriate.

In the past, each justice sector agency had its own method of categorising offences, which made it difficult to compare agency statistics. Such comparisons are now much easier using the common classification method.

See Australian and New Zealand Standard Offence Classification (ANZSOC), 2011 from the Australian Bureau of Statistics website for further information. 

ANZSOC divisions

Offences under ANZSOC are classified into 16 divisions:

Homicide and related offences

Offences in this category include:

  • murder
  • manslaughter - includes manslaughter involving the use of a vehicle
  • attempted murder
  • driving causing death.

Back to top

Acts intended to cause injury

Offences in this category include:

  • assault
  • stalking.

Back to top

Sexual assault and related offences

Offences in this category include:

  • aggravated sexual assault
  • non-aggravated sexual assault
  • non-assaultive sexual offences against a child
  • child pornography offences
  • sexual servitude offences
  • non-assaultive sexual offences.

Back to top

Dangerous or negligent acts endangering persons

Offences in this category include:

  • driving under the influence of alcohol or other substance
  • dangerous or negligent operation (driving) of a vehicle
  • neglect or ill-treatment of persons under care
  • other dangerous or negligent acts endangering persons.

Back to top

Abduction, harassment, and other offences against the person

Offences in this category include: 

  • abduction and kidnapping 
  • deprivation of liberty/false imprisonment 
  • harassment and private nuisance 
  • threatening behaviour.

Back to top 

Robbery, extortion, and related offences

Offences in this category include:

  • aggravated robbery 
  • non-aggravated robbery 
  • blackmail and extortion.

Back to top 

Unlawful entry with intent/burglary, break and enter

Offences in this category include: 

  • unlawful entry with intent/burglary, break and enter.

Back to top 

Theft and related offences

Offences in this category include:

  • theft of a motor vehicle 
  • illegal use of a motor vehicle 
  • theft of motor vehicle parts or contents 
  • theft from a person (excluding by force) 
  • theft of intellectual property 
  • theft from retail premises 
  • receive or handle proceeds of crime 
  • illegal use of property (except motor vehicles).

Back to top 

Fraud, deception, and related offences

Offences in this category include: 

  • obtain benefit by deception 
  • counterfeiting of currency 
  • forgery of documents 
  • possess equipment to make false/illegal instrument 
  • fraudulent trade practices 
  • misrepresentation of professional status 
  • illegal non-fraudulent trade practices 
  • dishonest conversion. 

Back to top

Illicit drug offences

Offences in this category include: 

  • import illicit drugs 
  • export illicit drugs 
  • deal or traffic in illicit drugs – commercial quantity 
  • deal or traffic in illicit drugs – non-commercial quantity 
  • manufacture illicit drugs 
  • cultivate illicit drugs. 
  • possess illicit drugs 
  • use illicit drugs.

Back to top

Prohibited and regulated weapons, and explosives offences

Offences in this category include: 

  • import or export prohibited weapons/explosives 
  • sell, possess and/or use prohibited weapons/explosives 
  • unlawfully obtain or possess regulated weapons/explosives 
  • misuse of regulated weapons/explosives 
  • deal or traffic regulated weapons/explosives offences.

Back to top 

Property damage and environmental pollution

Offences in this category include:

  • property damage by fire or explosion 
  • graffiti 
  • air pollution offences 
  • water pollution offences 
  • noise pollution offences 
  • soil pollution offences.

Back to top 

Public order offences

Offences in this category include: 

  • trespass 
  • criminal intent 
  • riot and affray 
  • disorderly conduct 
  • betting and gambling offences 
  • liquor and tobacco offences 
  • censorship offences 
  • prostitution offences 
  • offences against public order sexual standards 
  • consumption of legal substances in regulated spaces 
  • offensive language 
  • offensive behaviour 
  • vilify or incite hatred on racial, cultural, religious or ethnic grounds 
  • cruelty to animals.

Back to top 

Traffic and vehicle regulatory offences

Offences in this category include: 

  • drive while licence disqualified or suspended 
  • drive without a licence 
  • vehicle registration offences
  • vehicle roadworthiness offences 
  • exceed the prescribed content of alcohol or other substance limit 
  • exceed the legal speed limit 
  • parking offences 
  • pedestrian offences.

Back to top 

Offences against justice procedures, government security, and government operations

 Offences in this category include: 

  • breach of custody offences 
  • breach of home detention 
  • breach of suspended sentence 
  • breach of community service order 
  • breach of parole 
  • breach of bail 
  • breach of bond – probation 
  • breach of bond – other 
  • breach of violence order 
  • breach of non-violence order 
  • resist or hinder government official (excluding police officer, justice official or government security officer) 
  • bribery involving government officials 
  • immigration offences 
  • resist or hinder government officer concerned with government security 
  • subvert the course of justice 
  • resist or hinder police officer or justice official 
  • prison regulation offences 
  • offences against justice procedures.

Back to top 

Miscellaneous offences

Offences in this category include: 

  • defamation and libel 
  • offences against privacy 
  • sanitation offences 
  • disease prevention offences 
  • occupational health and safety offences 
  • transport regulation offences 
  • dangerous substances offences 
  • licit drug offences 
  • public health and safety offences 
  • commercial/industry/financial regulation 
  • environmental regulation offences 
  • bribery excluding government officials 
  • quarantine offences 
  • import/export regulations 
  • procure or commit illegal abortion.

Back to top

  • Share this page to Facebook
  • Share this page to Twitter
  • Share this page to Google+
Top
  • Share this page to Facebook
  • Share this page to Twitter
  • Share this page to Google+